HISTORY OF BORMIO
The history of Bormio and of Alta Valtellina, dates back to 1000, later than other areas, because of the presence of the imposing glacial moraine, that shows the presence of the glacier in valley. The first people seem to be of German origin, Ligurian and Etruscan and it seems very likely that the first settlements have settled just in Bormio, protected from cold winds by the natural barrier of Mount Reit.
Over the years, Bormio has had various dominations, from the ancient Romans, then came the Goths and Lombards, Coira, Como, the Grisons with the agreement of the Grey Leagues, the Spanish, the French with the Cisalpine Republic, the Kingdom of Italy, Austrians with Lombardo-Veneto, until the unification of Italy for which Bormio and the Alta Valtellina begin to be part of the Italian State.
The activity of Bormio was mainly devoted to the trade, to the mining, to the agriculture and to the rearing of livestock; then with the construction of the Stelvio Pass Road in 1825 by the Austrians, Bormio begins the first hints of tourism with the revaluation of the spa of Bagni Vecchi and the construction of the Grand Hotel Bagni Nuovi.
The first rudimentary ski lifts in the area of Bormio, they were made in the year ’30, while the Bormio Ciuk cable car was installed in 1953 and later in the year ’60 -’70 it is developed the area Bormio 2000 and subsequently the area Bormio 3000.
Bormio, in the Middle Ages, is divided into five departments (Dosso Ruina, Maggiore, Dossiglio, Combo, Buglio), of which the Dosso Ruina certainly has formed the first settlement of the country.
Knowing the history of Bormio is a good reason to spend the holidays in Bormio, as well as skiing, entertainment, fun, well-being and traditions.